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More Living Law from the 2000's to Present

"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance."

The 70s | 80s | 90s | 2000s to present

2000 Revised OCR policy guidance on sexual harassment

OCR issued "Proposed Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance:  Harassment of Students by School Employees, Other Students, or Third Parties."  65 Fed. Reg. 66092 (November 2, 2000)

January 11, 2001 - U.S. Dept. of Justice issued "Title IX Legal Manual"

2002 Title IX Commission Dept. of Education Appointed Title IX Commission

2003 Title IX resolutions introduced to reaffirm Title IX

Title IX resolutions House (Rep. Slaughter) and Senate (Sen. Biden S. Res. 40) resolutions introduced to reaffirm Title IX.

February, 2003 - Title IX Commission majority and minority reports issued

July 11, 2003 - Department of Education


Further Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Guidance Regarding Title IX Compliance  (response to the Title IX Commission reports)

2004 National Wrestling Coaches Ass'n v. United States Dep't of Education

The United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit affirms dismissal of a case brought by wrestling coaches and others asking that Title IX's athletics policies be declared illegal on the grounds that they discriminate against men.2004 Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education will appear before the Supreme Court to address the issue of whether or not the private right of action for violations of Title IX encompasses redress for retaliation for complaints about unlawful sex discrimination.

2005 - Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education

Supreme Court held that individuals may file lawsuits for retaliation under Title IX when they face adverse action for complaining about sex discrimination.

March 17, 2005 - The Department of Education released a "clarification" to Title IX stating that schools could use emailed surveys to determine whether the school is meeting the interests of its female students.

June 23, 2007 - the 35th Anniversary of the signing of Title IX.

2007 - Three coaches win multi-million dollars Title IX law suits against California State University at Fresno.  Linda Vivas, volleyball coach; diane Mulutinovich, former Associate Athletics Director and  Stacey Johnson-Klein former women's  Basketball Coach.

2008 - Communities for Equity v. Michigan High School Athletic Association case, which was fought for 10 years ended with the judge awarding ap for the plaintiffs approximately $4.5 million in attorneys' fees and costs plus prejudgment interest from the filing date in 1998.

2009 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Fitzgerald v. Barnstable School Committee that parents could sue for sex discrimination in schools under Title IX and the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.